The following information was graciously provided by Mr. Henry R. Ford of Newton, Pa. (grand-nephew of General Stoneman).
Maj. Gen. George Stoneman's first act in the Civil War was to disobey an order - a disobedience that led eventually to his command of the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac and to a series of raids that played hob with the Rebel forces.
In command of Ft. Brown, Texas, in 1861, he was ordered to surrender to the Confederates. Instead , he evacuated the fort and with his men sailed by steamer to New York, from where he set out to rejoin the battle.
Operating in East Tennesee, one of his principal raids effected the capture and destruction of Saltville,Va., as well as the railroad line from Tennesee into Virginia. Of this attack, a Confederate writer said: "The damage inflicted upon Southwest Virginia by this Federal raid, in the destruction of railway and turnpike bridges, railway stations and warehouse, ironworks, and army supplies of all kinds was very injurious to the Confederacy, greatly crippling its defensive power in that region, and was also a serious blow to the Army of Northern Virginia.
Excerpts from Chronology of The Civil War concerning Gen. Stoneman.
April 30, 1863 Eastern Theater, Chancellorsville Campaign.
General Stoneman and his detachment of Union cavalry lead a raid on the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, destroying portions of the Virginia Central Railroad and cutting General Robert E. Lee's communication lines. As a result of this operation, which lasts for seven days, the Union force, totalling about 10,000, suffers around 150 casualties.
The South tallies its losses at about 100 killed and injured, with 500 soldiers taken prisoner.
May 1, 1863 This day the vital connection between Chattanooga and the Federal's current position near Dallas, Georgia is secured by Gen. George Stoneman's cavalry, who capture Allatoona Pass and its railroad line.
July 28, 1864 Eastern Theater, Atlanta Campaign.
Following up Stoneman's and McCook's raids around Atlanta, Sherman sends Howard and the Army of the Tennesee south of Atlanta to move against the vital railroads supplying the city from the South.
July 30, 1864 Atlanta Campaign.
Sherman's raiders Stoneman and McCook, engaged in disruting operations on Confederate supply lines around Atlanta, both run into trouble. Stoneman and 700 men are captured by the enemy on the outskirts of Macon; McCook has to fight his way out of a Confederate encirclement at Newman, and loses 500 men and many supplies.
December 10, 1864 Seige of Petersburg.
In Knoxville, a Federal expedition sets out under the command of Gen. George Stoneman aimed at destroying enemy salt and lead mines in southwest Virginia and eliminating enemy troops in the area.
December 15, 1864 Franklin and Nashville Campaign.
General Stoneman's raiders again strike the enemy at Abingdon and Glade Springs, Virginia.
December 20, 1864 Eastern Theater, Valley Campaign.
General Stoneman's expedition into southwest Virginia, reaches Saltville and destroys saltworks in and around the town.
March 20, 1865 General George Stoneman leads a cavalry force of 4000 Union soldiers from Jonesborough, in east Tennesee, toward North Carolina. Stoneman's raid, which is designed in part to destroy enemy transport lines, is also intended to aid Sherman's campaign.
March 29, 1865 Eastern Theater, Appomattox Campaign,
As Stoneman's cavalry continues its penetration of North Carolina from the west, it battles Confederate forces at Wilkesborough.
April 12, 1865 Eastern Theater, Appomattox.
A formal surrender ceremony takes place. Meanwhile, General Stoneman and his Union cavalry, riding eastward through North Carolina, capture the city of Salisbury and take over 1700 enemy soldiers prisoner.
April 23, 1865 Western Theater.
Stoneman's and Wilson's cavalry are still active, with Stoneman's troops fighting a skirmish near Henderson, North Carolina while Wilson's men clash with Confederates at Munford's Station, Alabama.